Types of industrial hoses and functions
If a green garden hose is the only thing that comes to mind when you hear the word ‘hose’, then let us enlighten you. There are many types of hoses for the industrial, residential and commercial industries that are used for various applications. It is imperative that you know what type of hose you need based on what you are going to use it for before you make a purchase.
Determining what you need a hose for is the easy part. Choosing the correct hose with accompanying fittings is the challenging task, which can become extremely frustrating especially if you work in the industrial market. Below is a breakdown of different types of industrial hoses to help you choose the correct one. If you’re still unsure, chat to an expert at Henderson Hose.
You can employ an industrial hose in the production, manufacturing and distribution sectors in a wide variety of industries such as:
- Chemical engineering
- Food and beverage
The common green water hose, used to water your garden, is small in comparison to hoses that are used for irrigation, putting out fires, cleaning tanks and large machinery, fertilizing farms and wastewater drainage. Industrial hoses are always made from the highest quality materials because of the amount of pressure they need to withstand. The inner tube of a water hose is made of premium PVC and EPDM material, to ensure smooth operation and ultimate durability.
Beverage and food hose
In the food and beverage sector, manufacturing plants use hoses that are designed to extract or inject liquids such as juice, alcohol, oils, milk and flavouring. Made of high-quality polyurethane, these hoses are flexible enough to handle liquids, and are hardwearing enough to endure excessive use. If you operate in this sector, it is essential that you are aware of the specifications required for each hose due to the inconsistency of the material it is used for.
Air hoses are commonly used in compressors, blowers, sprayers, and pneumatic lines and systems as this type of hose is designed to maintain air pressure at certain levels (depending on the industry). You’ll find the air hose at construction sites, mines and other outdoor industrial fields, are made of premium rubber and other hardy materials, and are designed to handle the rugged conditions.
This is an umbrella term used to describe hoses used to transport or move materials elsewhere, such as the ventilation hose. Other hoses that fall into this category are pulp, sandblast, and plaster and concrete hoses. The general material handling hose is used to transport gas, powder, particles, strong fibres, cement, fertilizer, various fluids containing solid particles of sand and gypsum. These types of hoses are always made from the most durable materials.
A ventilation, or ducting hose, is used for vacuuming fumes and dust, and a variety of materials such as:
- Air (in air-conditioning systems)
- Sawdust & chips
- Abrasive dust
- Powdered and granular materials
The materials listed above are mainly found in the agricultural, wood, chemical and mining industries.
Used for ejecting cold or hot water in instances such as steam cleaning or engine cooling, a steam hose must be manufactured using EPDM to withstand the extreme temperatures. A steam hose can be used in many industrial sectors such as dairy, agriculture, commercial cleaning, mining and oil and gas.
Oil transmission hose
Largely used in the oil and gas sector – for transmission of oil, petroleum and other related petroleum material – the oil transmission is made of NBR, PVC, and SBR material to ensure the smooth flow of sticky or hot oil.
Some materials require special handling such as chemicals or medical fluids. The chemical hose is designed to transport acidic chemical products. It is resistant to most hostile environments and has a non-stick inner tube, which allows it to be used for heated materials.